Appalachian Barn Styles

Appalachian Barn Styles

Cantilever "Crib" Barn

Inspired by the German forebay barn and pioneer blockhouses of East Tennessee, cantilever barns are a relic of the assimilation of German, Irish, and Swedish traditions in the southern highlands.



Corn Cribs

Corn cribs are famous structures in rural locations, distinguished by their slatted walls that facilitate air circulation while drying and storing harvested corn. These practical designs not only preserve crops but also highlight the inventiveness of agricultural traditions in preserving food sources.



Tobacco Barn

Tobacco barns have traditionally been used to cure harvested tobacco leaves in Appalachia. These barns aid in the curing process by providing adequate air circulation and temperature control, allowing tobacco leaves to gradually dry and develop flavor and color.  


Bank Barns

More common in Northern Appalachia than the south, these barns are partially built into slopes that allow access to upper and lower levels. Wagons can discharge straight onto the higher level's haymow with drive-through access, permitting loading and unloading. Their versatile form meets a variety of farming requirements, including cattle housing and crop storage. 


Gable Roof Barn

One of the most common barn types with a classic pitched, peaked, or triangular roof.

Gambrel Roof Barn

A gambrel roof barn has a distinct roof form with two slopes on each side, the lower having a steeper inclination than the upper. This style adds internal room to the barn's top level often called the "hayloft" or "mow." The gambrel roof style makes optimal use of space, making it ideal for hay storage and livestock.


Round Barn

Appalachian round barns are a rare and one-of-a-kind design. These barns have a circular shape that reduces humidity, makes movement easier, and supports a more practical and charming layout. 


Dogtrot Barn

Based on the architecture of the dogtrot "breezeway" house, these unique barns developed post-revolutionary war across Tennessee and Kentucky. There are two large sections (or cabins) connected by a breezeway or "dogtrot." Dogtrots are also a common feature of New Orleans cottages.



Monitor Barn

Monitor barns are elevated center aisle barns with a raised central section hoisting a clerestory or monitor. This design provides more space while the windows in the clerestory give natural light, view, and ventilation. 


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